Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, known as a peppercorn, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. When fresh and fully mature, the fruit is about 5 mm (0.20 in) in diameter and dark red, and contains a single seed, like all drupes.
Black pepper cleaning/sorting : Drying the whole yellow fruit gives black pepper. After that, dry the grains in a heap and in the shade for 48 hours. Then, seize by hand. Dry grains in full sun for 3 days to a week. Bring back to warehouse during the night or in case of rain. Import black pepper.
On average 100 kg of fresh peppers or piper nigrum give 35 Kg of dry marketable black pepper.
Black pepper comes from the pepper plant, a smooth woody vine that can grow up to 33 feet in hot and humid tropical climates. They begin to bear small white clustered flowers after 3 to 4 years and develop into berries known as peppercorns. Ground peppercorns produce the spice we call pepper.